Glossary

Accident - A sudden and unintentional happening leading to a loss. In the context of life insurance, it is a sudden and unforeseen happening that causes disability or death of the policyholder.

Accidental Death Benefit(ADB) - An add-on benefit in which the benefit is payable in the event of death of the life insured as a result of an accident provided he has opted for this benefit.

Accumulation Period - The time interval between the commencement of the policy and the time when benefits are paid out. It is established by the insured.

Actuary - A professional with expertise in technical aspects of insurance. An actuary is a statistician and mathematician by training.

Actuarial Cost Method - A method that determines contributions that would be made under an insurance plan.

Agent (Financial Advisor) - A representative of an insurance company authorized to sell insurance policies.

Age Limits - The maximum and minimum ages above or below which an insurance company will not accept applications for insurance from or will not renew a policy with a person.

Annuitant - The person who will receive annuity benefits at stipulated intervals of time, such as yearly/half yearly/quarterly/monthly intervals.

Annuity - The amount paid under an annuity scheme at stipulated intervals, such as yearly/half yearly/quarterly/monthly intervals.

Annuity Certain - An insurance contract that provides an annuity for a certain number of years, irrespective of whether the insured is alive or dead.

Annuity Consideration - The payment that an annuitant makes for an annuity.

Assignee - The person to whom the benefits of the life insurance policy are assigned.

Assignment - A transfer of the rights and benefits of an insurance policy from one person to another.

Authority - The Insurance Development and Regulatory Authority established under The Insurance Act 2010.

Beneficiary - The person who receives the benefit of a policy in case of death during the term or the policyholder who receives the benefit on maturity.

Benefit Period - The time for which an insurance company covers the designated insured or dependents for the benefits.

Bonus - Bonus is the amount added to the basic sum assured under a with-profit life insurance policy.

Claim - A request for payment of the contractual benefits by the insurer that is made by the insured or the beneficiary.


 

Concealment - When an applicant withholds critical information from the insurance company, it is called concealment. For instance, if the applicant is suffering from a terminal disease and he does not notify the company of this, he is concealing information.

Dating Back - Dating Back or Back Dating is an option that allows the assured to get the benefits of lower age by commencing the policy from a date earlier than the date on which the proposal form was signed. Back Dating is permissible only within the same financial year.

Death Benefit - The benefit received by the beneficiary on the death of the insured

Endowment Plan - A plan in which the amount is paid to a policyholder if he outlives the tenure of the contract or to the beneficiary if the insured person dies before the date on which the policy matures.

Grace Period - A grace period gives the client an option to review the terms and conditions of the policy within 30 days from the due date for premium payment. Where he or she disagrees with the terms and conditions stated in the policy, he/she has the option to return the policy, stating the reasons for objection. In such a case the policy would then be cancelled and the premium paid by the client would be refunded to him, after deducting – proportionate risk premium for the period on cover, expenses incurred by the insurance company on medical examination of the client and stamp duty charges.

Group Life Insurance - Life insurance of a group of people under a policy. This group should already be in existence and should not have come together only for the purpose of insurance.

Human Life Value - The present value of the family's share of the breadwinner's future earnings is considered as Human Life Value, for purposes of life insurance.

IDRA - The acronym for the Insurance Development and Regulatory Authority of Bangladesh – the apex body overseeing the insurance business in Bangladesh. It protects the interests of the policyholders, regulates, promotes and ensures orderly growth of the insurance industry and for matters connected therewith or incidental thereto.

Lapse - The termination of an insurance policy due to non-payment of premia.

Last Birth Day - Age at last birthday.

Level Premium Life Insurance - Life insurance for which the premium remains unchanged year after year.

License - Permission granted by IDRA to the applicant for commencement and operation of the insurance business in Bangladesh.

Life Insurance - A contract provided for the payment of a sum of money to the person assured or failing him, to the person entitled to receive the same, on the happening of certain event for the consideration. Here, sum of money refers to sum assured/benefits, certain event refers to contingent event and consideration refers to premium

Maturity Date - The date on which the policy term expires.

Money Back Plan - A plan in which part of the sum assured is paid back to the policyholder at regular intervals.

Nomination - A provision by which a policyholder can designate any person to receive the policy money in the event of his death.

Nominee - A person selected by the policyholder to receive the benefit in case of death of the life insured.

Non-Forfeiture Option - A clause whereby the insurers do not generally forfeit all the premia paid, in case of a lapse of policy. This benefit is accorded to policy holders because of higher premia paid during the early years and the interest earned on these premia by the insurance companies.

Non-Participating policies - These are also called "non-par policies" or "policies without participation in profits". These policies are not entitled for any share in surplus (profits) during the term of the policy.

Non-Standard Life - An individual who cannot be granted a policy under normal rates of premia.

Participating policies - These are also called "par policies" or "policies with participation in profits". These policies are not non-par policies and are entitled for any share in surplus (profits) during the term of the policy.

Policyholder - The person who owns the policy, in this case, a life insurance policy.

Premium - The amount paid by a policyholder to the insurance company, in order to be covered under a policy.

Prospect - A potential new customer who can be approached for buying an insurance policy.

Reinstatement - To restore the policy after the insurance policy has lapsed.

Reinsurance - The transfer of part or whole of the risk by the original insurance company to one or more reinsurers.

Supplementary or Rider - An add-on benefits available at the option of the policyholders that may alter certain features of a policy by increasing or restricting benefits

Selling price - This is the price at which you can sell units, based on the market value per unit, less the relevant trading costs associated with selling the assets.

Social sector - In accordance with the Insurance Act, 1938, this includes the unorganized sector, informal sector, economically vulnerable or backward classes and other categories of persons, both in rural and urban areas.

Surrender Value - A value payable if you want to surrender the plan before a claim arises.

Term - The tenure of the policy.

Term Cover - A type of life insurance where the sum assured is payable only in the event of death of the insurer during the specified term. In the case of survival, the contract expires and the premium is not paid back to the insured.